Flying fish are found in all of the oceans of the world, especially where the water is warm. They are usually found in the upper layers of the ocean, known as the epipelagic zone, near the surface.
Their unique gliding ability is thought to have developed as a way to evade predators, which include large fish such as marlins and swordfish, as well as dolphins and porpoises. However, leaping from the water can expose them to different predators, such as seabirds. Flying fish usually "fly" for distances of about 150 feet, though they can glide as far as 650 feet. They can reach heights of 20 feet above the ocean’s surface, and attain speeds of between 35 and 45 miles per hour.
Flying fish eat mostly plankton.