Despite its name, the Maned Wolf is not actually a wolf, and despite its reddish coloring, it is also not a fox. While it is in the same family, it is not closely related to any other canine species. Its closest living relative is the Bush Dog, which ironically has some of the shortest legs of any canine species.
The Maned Wolf was first described scientifically by Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger in 1815. It has historically been placed in both the genus Canis (wolves) and Vulpes (foxes), and it wasn’t until 1839 that it was placed in its own genus, Chrysocyon, which means “Golden Dog”.