Giraffes are ruminant mammals, they have stomachs that predigest plant material and then require the animal to “chew the cud” to further break it down during a second phase of digestion. Their diets consist of various leaves, flowers, fruits, and fibrous plant parts. Their main source of food is Acacia trees.
Giraffes live in herds of related females and offspring. There are also herds of bachelor male giraffes that are unrelated. Herds often live on territorial ranges of around 100 square miles. Different herds will sometimes overlap without much issue. When male giraffes have conflicts over mating rights, they will swing their necks at one another in combat. These conflicts do not cause much harm, and one male will eventually back down from a fight. A giraffe’s height plus keen eyesight, hearing, and smell help them detect danger from great distances to give them time to flee. They are especially prone to predators while drinking water. In order to get low enough to reach the water, giraffes have to get in a precarious position with spread apart front legs and bent knees. The giraffes main predators are primarily lions, crocodiles, and hyenas.