All species of cobra are venomous, and most species in the genus Naja are able to “spit” their venom, meaning they can eject venom without biting. If this venom comes into contact with an animal’s mouth, eyes or nose, it can cause irritation and burning, or even blindness.
Almost all cobra species are venomous enough to be fatal to humans if bites are not treated quickly. However, many species of cobra are less aggressive than other venomous snakes, only biting if threatened or disturbed, and delivering “dry bites” that don’t release venom.
When feeling threatened, the cobra will rear the front quarter of its body up off the ground and expand its hood by flattening its neck, in order to appear larger to potential threats.
Cobras are found in a wide range of habitats throughout Africa and Southeast, Southwest and South Asia.