Lions live in large groups called prides in the thick grasslands, shrub areas, and open woodlands found in sub-Saharan Africa and a small area in western India. Prides consist of related adult females, juveniles (aged 2-4), and one or two adult males. They are the most social of all large felines.
Lions mark their territories by spraying urine and by roaring. The roar of a lion can be heard up to five miles away! Roars can also be used to identify individuals or for communication.
Females raise the cubs and do most of the hunting. Lionesses hunt primarily at dawn and dusk. Their prey consists mainly of large herbivores, such as zebras, but they will hunt smaller prey if needed.
Male lions are primarily in charge defending the pride and marking territory. Young male lions , known as nomads, will sometimes roam in coalitions made up of brothers and cousins. These young nomads are in search of prides to take over. After fighting the dominant male of a targeted pride, if they succeed in taking it over, the new males will often kill all of the cubs from their newly acquired pride.
Despite bursts of activity, lions spend a large portion of their days, about 21 hours, laying around and sleeping.