Kingdom - Animalia
Phylum - Chordata
Class - Mammalia
Order – Proboscidea
Family – Elephantidae
Genus – Elephas
Species – E. maximus
Common Name – Asian Elephant, Asiatic Elephant
Asian elephants are found mostly in grassland and forest habitats. They are herbivores and may consume over 300 pounds of plants in a single day.
They use their trunks to manipulate and grasp objects.
Adult Asian elephants have virtually no natural predators, although tigers occasionally prey on younger elephant calves.
The Asian elephant is an extremely large animal that can grow to nine feet tall at the shoulder and reach lengths of over 20 feet.
Its body is covered in gray, wrinkly skin and it has four thick, stocky legs. Its nose is extended into a long and prehensile trunk. Males grow large tusks, but females usually do not.
On average, the Asian elephant is smaller than its cousin, the African elephant. It also has much smaller ears in proportion to its body.
Asian elephants are known to be very intelligent. They are known to use tools, and also shown to exhibit traits not typically associated with animals, such as expressions of grief, compassion, play, and even language.
Asian elephants have been tamed and used as transport animals by humans, as their intelligence makes them good at following instructions.
Indian folklore and Hindu religion is known to feature the Asian elephant prominently. Ganesh, a well-known Hindu god, is often depicted with the head of an Asian elephant.