Macrauchenia was a prehistoric mammal with features similar to today’s llamas. It had a long neck and long legs, and a small head. Its feet were more similar to those of a rhinoceros than a llama, however.
Since only Macrauchenia’s skeleton is known, scientists need to use clues to come up with ideas for how its snout may have looked while it was alive. Due to the position of the nostrils near the top of its head, many scientists believed it may have possessed a short trunk, like modern day tapirs, whose nostrils are in a similar position. However, other scientists believe it may have had a bulbous snout like a moose. Paintings by early humans in Colombia seem to show a Macrauchenia-like animal that features a short trunk. However, without more information, scientists can only make their best educated guess.
Height – 4.6 feet (1.4 meters) at the shoulder
Length – 10 feet (3 meters)
Weight – 2,299 lbs. (1,042.8 kg)