Rocky Mountain Stallion

Category: Horses

Despite what its name indicates, the Rocky Mountain Horse did not originate in the West. Breeders in Appalachian Kentucky created the Rocky Mountain horse in the late 1800s. This horse has gentle ways, a naturally occurring comfortable gait, and a calm temperament.

Rocky Mountain Stallion

Rocky Mountain Stallion

Scientific & Common Names

Genus & Species - Equus ferus caballus

Common Name - Rocky Mountain Horse


Rocky Mountain Horses are medium-sized horses, usually 14 to 16 hands in height. Even with minimal shelter, these robust equines can withstand harsh winters thanks to their heavy coats and thick manes. Rocky Mountain Horses must have solid body colors, but they can have minimal white markings on their faces and legs. This breed of horse is naturally gaited. When they move, you can hear four distinct hoof-beats, since their feet hit the ground separately. This gait comes naturally to a young Rocky Mountain Horse.


As with most breeds of horses, the Rocky Mountain stallion is ready to breed between 2 and 4 years of age. It can continue to breed up until it is in its 20s.


The Rocky Mountain Horse is extremely calm and gentle. When startled, horses of this breed tend to freeze rather than bolt. Because of their placid natures and comfortable natural gaits, they are wonderful horses for beginners, the elderly, or those with handicaps. However, even experienced riders enjoy the comfortable ride and sweet personalities of Rocky Mountain Horses. They are friendly and curious, having been likened to the Labrador of the horse world.


While history is uncertain about the exact origins of this horse, tradition states that a family from the West returning to the East traded a colt for provisions in an eastern Kentucky village. This colt grew up to be an incredibly gentle stallion with a natural four-beat gait. He was bred to many mares in the area, and his offspring demonstrated many of the same qualities as their sire. In later years, Sam Tuttle helped preserve the Rocky Mountain Horse by breeding his stallion, Old Tobe, to many mares for over 30 years. In 1986, a group of Rocky Mountain Horse owners created a breed registry to preserve the bloodlines of these incredible mounts.

Present Status

Currently, there are about 20,000 Rocky Mountain Horses in the world. More than half of them reside in Kentucky.