Border Collie

Category: Dogs & Cats

The Border Collie, also known simply as Collie, is a popular breed of dog that originated in the border area between Scotland and England. This dog was originally bred to be a shepherding dog to help with livestock. While many people call the Border Collie by the name Collie, there is a great difference between the two breeds.

Border Collie

Border Collie

Scientific & Common Names

The scientific name for this breed of dog is "Border Collie - Canis lupus familiaris." The Border Collie is typically known simply as "Collie," though Border Collies and Collies are two different breeds. Other names for this dog are "Scottish Sheep Dog," "English Sheep Dog" and "Welsh Sheep Dog."


Standing 19 to 23 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing between 25 and 45 pounds when fully grown, the Border Collie is classified as a medium breed dog. The Border Collie falls in the working dog classification.


There are many reputable Border Collie breeders in this country, and animal shelters are generally teeming with Border Collies. There are also several breed-specific rescues throughout the country that are dedicated to finding loving forever homes for Border Collies and preserving the integrity of the breed. If you choose a breeder, please choose wisely. Border Collies are prone to several birth defects, such as hip dysplasia and epilepsy, so choosing a good breeder is imperative to ensure that you get a healthy dog that was bred to the best standards.


The Border Collie is a very active dog and has boundless energy. The dog was bred to herd sheep and likes to have something to do with his time. Give your Border Collie a job to keep him busy. You should also have a fenced yard for him to run in. Spend time playing and take your Border Collie on long walks each day to keep him from becoming bored. The Border Collie is also very intelligent and easy to train. This breed does well in agility competitions due to his high energy level and high intelligence.


The Border Collie was originally bred in the border area between Scotland and England, hence the name Border Collie. The first known mentions of Border Collies were recorded in the mid-19th century, but experts believe the breed is much older than that.

Present Status

The Border Collie is a very popular dog and is great for families with children and those who lead an active lifestyle. This dog typically has a life span of 13 to 16 years on average, but older dogs are common.